Types of Editing Services


1) Basic Editing. If your manuscript flows logically and makes sense as a whole (i.e. if it is a high quality paper) it will be eligible for Basic Editing. What does Basic Editing include? (See an example)

0,019 €/word (19€ per 1000 words)


2) Substantive Editing. You will need this editing option if your manuscript has so many errors that it cannot be understood without substantial restructuring and rewriting at word, sentence, and paragraph levels. What does Substantive Editing include? (See an example)

0,036 €/word (36€ per 1000 words)


3) Manuscript Enhancement. You may choose this type of editing if your manuscript has already undergone either Basic or Substantive Editing (or if it is is already accessible to most academic readers) but its flow, logic, and structure can be further improved to highlight the most important information.


Text Enhancement is especially important when authors seek to publish in top-tier journals. An Editing Certificate is issued at no cost. What does Manuscript Enhancement include? (See an example)

0,045 €/ word (45€ per 1000 words)


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Do I need Manuscript  Enhancement?


1) Manuscript Evaluation. During manuscript evaluation we will analyze your manuscript addressing several issues typically considered by reviewers during the peer-review process. We will generate a point-by-point report on the strengths and weaknesses of your manuscript, and provide advice on how the manuscript can be improved. In addition, we will provide you with up to three candidate journals whose scope fits your manuscript. See an example.

60 € per manuscript


2) Manuscript formatting. You may require this type of editing service if you have difficulties (or do not have the time) to follow the formatting guidelines provided by the target journal. Manuscript Formatting does not include Reference Formatting. What is included in Manuscript Formatting?

60 € per manuscript


Please note that most Elsevier journals now support the “Your paper your way” initiative at the submission stage of a manuscript. As a part of this initiative, journal-specific formatting will only be required after the paper has been accepted for publication.


3) Reference formatting. We  will format the references of your manuscript according to the specific style of the target journal.

45 € per manuscript


Please note that  you can perform reference formatting accurately in a few minutes if you use citation managers such as Zotero (free), Mendeley (free), or EndNote.  Unless specialized software is used during the creation of  a manuscript, formatting references  at Editing or revision stages has to be done by hand, which is quite time-consuming.

4) Letters to editors. We  will gladly write the cover letter that needs to be included during the process of manuscript submission. We will provide the proper context, describe the goal of your manuscript and summarize the most important findings.

30 € per letter


Basic Editing (also called Copyediting) focuses on grammar, spelling, capitalization, punctuation, hyphenation, and overall manuscript correctness and consistency. In a way it is the simplest form of editing; basic editing might include some sentence rewording to ensure that the meaning is clear, but does not involve significant rewriting or restructuring (See an example).


Here is a list of manuscript issues covered by basic editing

Correct use of language:

 grammar

 syntax

 spelling

 punctuation

 clarity of expression.

Language consistency:

 language and structural parallelism

 correct terminology

 word capitalization

 hyphenation

 abbreviations

 correct expression of numbers and quantitative data

Visual consistency:

 uniform typography

 correct hierarchy of manuscript headings

 page layout

 figures

 tables and captions.

See an example.


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Substantive Editing (also called developmental editing) aims to ensure that the structure, content, language, style, and presentation of a manuscript are optimal, so that the author’s findings and intended message are clear.  Substantive editing involves in most cases rewriting various parts of the text


For substantive editing an editor must analyze a manuscript and determine:

 What is the objective of the manuscript?

 How much should a reader already know about the subject?

 What should a reader learn from the manuscript?


In addition to all the issues covered in Basic Editing,  Substantive Editing includes:

Correcting awkward phrasing, ensuring that every sentence is correct in content and structure.

In many cases correcting awkward phrasing will require whole sentences to be rewritten. Editor’s comments will be added to the text, for the author to verify that the new text has the intended meaning.

Correcting abuse of indirect writing style and passive voice.

Eliminating and/or correcting wordiness, inappropriate jargon, or unnecessary abbreviations.

Providing notes to the author whenever terminology has been used incorrectly or ambiguously.

Providing notes to the author whenever a clarification, or additional information, is required.

Providing notes to the author whenever inconsistencies are found in the text.

Ensuring that verb tenses have been used correctly depending on the section of the manuscript.

Checking for correctness, placement, and clarity of tables and figures.

Checking information in tables and figures against textual references.

Determining whether connectors and linking sentences have been used correctly.

Ensuring that explanations of symbols, abbreviations, and terms are incorporated in the text.

See an example.


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After a full analysis of the paper as a whole, the editor will perform a structural revision consisting of the following steps:


 Ensuring that the information in all sections is complete, appropriate, and accurate.

 Determining whether additional information is required so that the author’s intended message is fully transmitted.

 Determining whether rearrangement, expansion, or summarizing of sections is required to achieve the most logical structure.

 Ensuring that information and arguments are presented clearly and unambiguously.

 Checking that the presentation of data and results is simple and effective.

 Deleting any unnecessary repetition, as well as redundancies, contradictions and irrelevant material.

 Ensuring consistency in tone and writing style throughout the text.

 Ensuring that the document title and all the headings accurately reflect the manuscript content.

 Adding connectors and linking sentences if necessary.

 Ensuring that there is a logical flow from paragraph to paragraph and from section to section.

 Ensuring that the manuscript has a proper discussion.

 Ensuring that references are properly placed (does not include reference formatting).

    Ensure the document contains appropriate navigation aids, such as headings        or internal links.

See an example.


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What is Manuscript Formatting?  

During the process of manuscript submission for publication, Journals may request a manuscript to be formatted following a series of guidelines. Failure to follow these guidelines may seriously delay the publication process.


 Ensuring that the information in all sections is complete, appropriate, and accurate.

 Determining whether additional information is required so that the author’s intended message is fully transmitted.

 Determining whether rearrangement, expansion, or summarizing of sections is required to achieve the most logical structure.

 Ensuring that information and arguments are presented clearly and unambiguously.

 Checking that the presentation of data and results is simple and effective.

 Deleting any unnecessary repetition, as well as redundancies, contradictions and irrelevant material.

 Ensuring consistency in tone and writing style throughout the text.

 Ensuring that the document title and all the headings accurately reflect the manuscript content.



Back to top Additional Services What is Basic Editing? What is Substantive Editing? What is Manuscript Enhancement? €-$-¥ Convert Currency Learn More

Do I need Manuscript Enhancement?  

Please note all language problems will be solved after your manuscript has undergone Basic or Substantive Editing. However, your manuscript may need a finishing touch to improve its logic and its structure, in order to highlight the most important information. This finishing touch will make the core message of your manuscript clearly stand out.


Why would I need this?


1) Enhancing your manuscript will make it accessible to a broader range of scientists and academics, which will considerably help your citation statistics.

2) Enhancing your manuscript will improve its chances for being accepted in your target journal. Note that during the peer-review process reviewers must address the following issues:


+Reviewers must provide a discussion of the importance or significance of the work, clearly stating how it adds, enhances, or contradicts current beliefs; they should also provide an statement indicating the work's potential impact on scientific and/or clinical practice; who will the work impact, and how?

+Reviewers must provide comment on the originality of the work.

+Reviewers must discuss the strengths and weaknesses of the work. They need to decide whether the methods seem appropriate to answer the research questions, and whether the conclusions and/or generalization are supported by the data.

+Reviewers must provide comment on whether the presentation of the manuscript’s text is clear and readable.


Manuscript enhancement will help you by clearly highlighting all these issues in your text, increasing the chances of a positive evaluation from the reviewers.


If you are unfamiliar with the peer-review process,

please read through the following document

“How to survive Peer-Review”


If you are the Do-it-yourself type of person

 visit our section “Writing Tools”, which contains

a FREE collection of resources to improve your writing.

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Receive tips to improve your academic publications.

For example:

+ How to choose a suitable journal

+ Prepare for manuscript submission

+ Writing letters to editors

+Peer-review survival guide

+ Writing response letters to reviewers

+ Writing abstracts for science conferences

+ and more….

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when Manuscript Enhancement is purchased together with either Basic or Enhanced Editing

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